Features and Benefits of Catalyst Switch
The WS-C2960X-48LPS-L Cisco Catalyst 2960-X Ethernet Switch is a popular network switch that provides reliable and high-performance switching capabilities for small to medium-sized businesses. Some of the features and benefits of this switch include:
- 48 Gigabit Ethernet Ports: The WS-C2960X-48LPS-L switch comes with 48 Ethernet ports, which allow you to connect multiple devices to your network. These ports support a data transfer rate of 1 Gbps, which provides fast data transfer speeds.
- Power over Ethernet (PoE): This switch supports Power over Ethernet (PoE) technology, which allows you to power network devices such as IP phones, wireless access points, and IP cameras, without the need for separate power cables.
- PoE+ Support: The WS-C2960X-48LPS-L switch supports PoE+ technology, which provides higher power to connected devices, up to 30 watts per port, compared to the standard PoE technology.
- Energy-Efficient Design: The switch has an energy-efficient design that reduces power consumption without compromising performance. It supports Cisco EnergyWise technology, which allows you to monitor and manage power consumption across your network.
- Advanced Security Features: The WS-C2960X-48LPS-L switch provides advanced security features such as port security, Access Control Lists (ACLs), and Secure Shell (SSH) Protocol, which help to protect your network from unauthorized access and attacks.
- Easy Deployment and Management: The switch has an intuitive web-based interface and supports Cisco Network Assistant software, which makes it easy to deploy, configure, and manage your network.
- Scalable and Flexible: The WS-C2960X-48LPS-L switch is scalable and flexible, allowing you to add more switches to your network as your business grows. It also supports a range of advanced features such as Quality of Service (QoS), which helps to prioritize network traffic, and Link Aggregation Control Protocol (LACP), which allows you to combine multiple ports into a single logical link.
Troubleshooting Common Issues
The Cisco Catalyst 2960-X series of Ethernet switches are designed for small to medium-sized businesses, branch offices, and enterprise environments. The WS-C2960X-48LPS-L model is a 48-port switch with Power over Ethernet (PoE) capability, which can provide power to connected devices such as IP phones, wireless access points, and IP cameras.
Here are some common issues that users may encounter with the WS-C2960X-48LPS-L switch and how to troubleshoot them:
- Power issues: If the switch is not powering on, check if it is properly connected to a power source and if the power cable is in good condition. Also, check if the power supply unit is working correctly. If the switch still does not power on, try a different power outlet or power cable.
- Network connectivity issues: If the switch is not connecting to the network, check if the network cables are properly connected and if the network configuration is correct. Also, check if the switch is getting an IP address from the DHCP server or if it has a static IP address configured.
- PoE issues: If the switch is not providing power to connected devices, check if the PoE feature is enabled on the switch and if the devices are compatible with PoE. Also, check if the power budget of the switch is sufficient to power all connected devices. If the PoE issue persists, try disabling and then enabling the PoE feature on the switch.
- Firmware issues: If the switch is not functioning correctly or experiencing bugs, check if there is a firmware update available from Cisco. Download the latest firmware and upgrade the switch.
- Configuration issues: If the switch is not working correctly, check if the switch configuration is correct. Use the Cisco Command Line Interface (CLI) or the web-based Graphical User Interface (GUI) to verify the configuration. If the configuration is incorrect, make the necessary changes and save the configuration.
Spanning Tree Protocol (STP)
The Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) is a networking protocol used to prevent loops in a network topology by dynamically creating a loop-free logical topology. The WS-C2960X-48LPS-L Cisco Catalyst 2960-X 48 Ports Ethernet Switch supports the STP protocol, which helps ensure that the network remains stable and does not suffer from any broadcast storms or other issues that can arise due to loops.
The STP protocol works by creating a logical tree of connected switches that ensures that there is only one path between any two points in the network. This tree is created by selecting a root switch, which is the central point of the network. Each switch in the network then determines the shortest path to the root switch and blocks any other paths that would create a loop.
In the case of the WS-C2960X-48LPS-L Cisco Catalyst 2960-X 48 Ports Ethernet Switch, the switch supports the IEEE 802.1D STP standard, which is the original STP standard. This standard defines the process by which switches in a network determine the root switch, calculate the shortest path to the root switch, and block redundant paths to prevent loops.
The STP protocol operates in several stages. In the first stage, each switch in the network sends out a Bridge Protocol Data Unit (BPDU) to discover the topology of the network. The BPDU contains information about the switch's identity, its priority level, and the port through which the BPDU was sent.
In the second stage, the switches exchange BPDU information to determine the root switch. The root switch is selected based on its priority level, with the switch with the lowest priority level being chosen as the root. If two switches have the same priority level, the switch with the lowest MAC address is chosen as the root.
In the third stage, each switch calculates the shortest path to the root switch by selecting the port with the lowest cost. The cost of a port is determined by its bandwidth, with higher bandwidth ports having a lower cost. If two ports have the same bandwidth, the port with the lowest MAC address is chosen.
In the final stage, each switch blocks any redundant ports to prevent loops. A port is considered redundant if it does not contribute to the shortest path to the root switch. The blocked ports are kept in a state of listening, during which they continue to receive BPDU information from other switches to ensure that the network remains stable and that the switch can quickly adapt to any changes in the network topology.
General Information about this Cisco WS-C2960X-48LPS-L
- Manufacturer: Cisco
- Model Number or SKU# WS-C2960X-48LPS-L
- Product Line: Catalyst
- Product Series: 2960-X
- Product Type: Ethernet Switch
Interfaces & Ports for 48 Ports Switch
- Total Number of Network Ports 48
- Number of Network (RJ-45) Ports: 48
- Port/Expansion Slot Details: 48 x Gigabit Ethernet Network
- Port/Expansion Slot Details: 4 x Gigabit Ethernet Expansion Slot
Performance of Managed Switch
- Media Type Supported: Twisted Pair
- Ethernet Technology: Gigabit Ethernet
- Network Technology: 10/100/1000Base-T
I/O Expansions for Ethernet Switch
- Number of Total Expansion Slots: 5
- Expansion Slot Type: SFP
- Expansion Slot Type: Stacking Module
- PoE (RJ-45) Port: Yes
- Input Voltage: 110 V AC
- Input Voltage: 220 V AC
- SNMP 1, RMON 1, RMON 2, RMON 3, RMON 9, Telnet,
- SNMP 3, SNMP 2c, HTTP, TFTP, SSH, CLI
Network & Communication
- Layer Supported: 2
- IEEE 802.3, IEEE 802.3u, IEEE 802.3z, IEEE 802.1D, IEEE 802.1Q,
- IEEE 802.3ab, IEEE 802.1p, IEEE 802.3af, IEEE 802.3x, IEEE 802.3ad (LACP),
- IEEE 802.1w, IEEE 802.1x, IEEE 802.3ae, IEEE 802.1s, IEEE 802.1ae, IEEE 802.1ab (LLDP),
- IEEE 802.3at, IEEE 802.3az, IEEE 802.1AX
- MTBF : 276,870 hours
- Min Operating Temperature : 23 °F
- Max Operating Temperature : 113 °F
- Humidity Range Operating : 10 - 95% (non-condensing)
- Min Storage Temperature -13 °F
- Max Storage Temperature : 158 °F
- Humidity Range Storage : 10 - 95% (non-condensing)
Dimensions and Weight
- Height: 1.8 Inch
- Width: 14.5 Inch
- Depth: 17.5 Inch
- Weight: 12.90 LBS
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